WORD OF THE DAY: MACERATED

MACERATED DEFINITION:

When the skin begins to soften in response to prolonged exposure to moisture/fluids. This makes it easier for the skin to break down

EXAMPLE:

Wrinkling & whiteness of fingers after having been in water for some time

Having a band-aid on & after taking the bandaid off it often appears macerated.

An incontinent patient who in bedridden will often develop macerated areas on coccyx area which increases the likelihood to develop a pressure ulcer

Great article about maceration

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WORD OF DAY: Anosognosia

Anosognosia:

When an individual ignores and or refuses to recognize an area of the body that has a defect, illness, and or injury. This is sometime the reason why certain individuals refuse to take needed medications. It is often seen in psyche related illneses such as schizophrenia and bipolar. It is sometimes also seen in stroke/brain injury victims. Lack of awareness rather than denial, is a better way to describe this word.

 

References:

Merriam-Webster Link

NAMI

WORD OF THE DAY: OLIGURIC

OLIGURIC: 

Urine output less than 500 cc a day

SIMILAR TERMINOLOGY:

Anuric. This is generally defined as urine output of less than 100 cc a day. It is often used incorrectly in exchange for the word oliguric.

CAUSES: 

Acute renal failure

Chronic renal failure

BPH

Obstructive kidney stone

(These are just a few)

 

Word of the Day: ATAXIA

ATAXIA

DEFINITON:

When an individual is unable to control, coordinate their body movements. It is often used when describing how one is ambulating. But ataxia can also be used to describe several other areas/functions of the body (swallowing, speech, eye movement). This is often a sign of damage to the cerebellum (the part of the brain that controls movement).

VIDEO EXAMPLE:

Ataxic Gait- by Onlinemedicalvideo Youtube channel

DX THIS MAY BEEN SEEN:

Alcoholism

Cerebral Palsy

CVA

Multiple Sclerosis

REFERENCES:

1.) Ataxia-Mayo Clinic

2.) Online Medical Video Youtube (video example)

WORD OF THE DAY: ORTHOPNEA

WORD OF THE DAY

ORTHOPNEA:

Shortness of breath specifically when a patient lays down. These individuals will often sleep in recliners.

DIAGNOSIS MAY SEE THIS:

-Congestive heart failure

-Pulmonary Edema

-Pericarditis

-Aortic aneurysm/Dissection

-Aortic regurgitation

 

(There are other potential causes for orthopnea-these are just a few)