Diabetic Medication Test Question

CORRECT ANSWER:

B) Glipizide (Glucotrol), This medication is a sulfonylurea. Other Sulfonylureas include glimepiride and glyburide. This class is more likely to cause hypoglycemia than other diabetic medications. Sulfonylurea’s increase insulin produced by pancreas (2). Other classes of meds such as biguanides (metformin) and thiazolidinediones (TZD) are less likely to cause hypoglycemia in comparison to Sulfonylureas. TZD’s “reduce glucose produced by the liver”(1). Biguanides decreases the amount of glucose produced by liver and increases the amount of glucose absorbed by the body (3). MEDICATION TIP:

–Sulfonylureas generally end in -ide. –TZD usually end in -zone. 

A) Metformin-(Glucophage) Biguanide

B) Glipizide (Glucotrol)-sulfonylurea

C) Pioglitizone (Actos)-TZD

D) Rosiglitazone (Avandia)-TZD
1)http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/thiazolidinediones-for-type-2-diabetes

2)http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/sulfonylureas-for-type-2-diabetes
3)http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/biguanides-for-type-2-diabetes. #nursingschool #nursingschoolprobs #nursesneverstoplearning #nclextypequestions #nclex #nclexstudying #nclexquestions #nurses #diabeticmedicine #sulfonylurea #glipizide #metformin #glucotrolalternative #avandia #actos #diabetestype2 #diabeticmeds #nursepractitioner #nursepratitionerreview #nursepractitionerstudent #physicianassistant #physicianassistantstudent #LPNschool #medicalschool #medicalstudent #nursingstudytips #nursing